Research and Studies
• The amino acid glutamine appears to play a role in several aspects of human physiology that might benefit athletes, including their muscle function and immune system. Antonio J, Street C. Glutamine: a potentially useful supplement for athletes. Can J Appl Physiol 1999;24:1–14 [review].
• Intense exercise lowers blood levels of glutamine, which can remain persistently low with overtraining. Rowbottom DG, Keast D, Morton AR. The emerging role of glutamine as an indicator of exercise stress and overtraining. Sports Med 1996;21:80–97 [review].
• During exercise or other times of metabolic stress (e.g. fasting, severe injury, illness, etc.), the demand for plasma glutamine markedly increases. For instance, various cells of the immune system such as the lymphocytes and macrophages depend on glutamine as a primary fuel source, and thus the demand for glutamine increases when an immunological response is mounted . Castell LM, Poortmans JR, Newsholme EA. Does glutamine have a role in reducing infections in athletes? Eur J Appl Physiol. 1996;73:488-90.
past decade has seen a number of advances in brain research—perhaps
none more relevant and important than the confirmation that protein
may be an essential key to maintaining brain function.
In two reports—the first from the University of California,
Davis, and the second from the University of Paris—researchers
confirmed that optimal amino acid levels (the building blocks of protein)
play a key role in maintaining brain health (Gietzen 1993; Tapiero
Brain Tonic's all natural ingredients contribute to a better quality of life.
The manufacturer, distributers and marketers do not accept any responsibility for the accuracy of the information or the consequences arising from the application, use, or misuse of any of the information contained herein, including any injury and/or damage to any person or property as a matter of product liability, negligence, or otherwise. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made in regard to the contents of this material. No claims or endorsements are made for any drugs or compounds currently marketed or in investigative use. This material is not intended as a guide to self-medication. The reader is advised to discuss the information provided here with a doctor, pharmacist, nurse, or other authorized healthcare practitioner and to check product information (including package inserts) regarding dosage, precautions, warnings, interactions, and contraindications before administering any drug, herb, or supplement discussed herein. Our products are manufactured in Johannesburg, South Africa, at a certified GMP laboratory. GMP stands for Good Manufacturing Practice. It is a recognised standard of quality for pharmaceutical and supplement manufacture and is enforced through regular governement inspections, controls and checks. COA certifies our ingredients. This stands for Certificate of Analysis and is a recognised world wide industry standard for quality of pharmaceutical and supplement ingredients.
© 2012 Smart Supplements
Site design by: